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Argentina

AMIA presentó “Veinticinco”, la muestra fotográfica a 25 años del atentado

Agencia AJN.- Durante la presentación en el CCK, el presidente en ejercicio de la AMIA afirmó: “No existe construcción del presente sin el entrenamiento permanente de la memoria”. Por su parte, Hernán Lombardi destacó que “cuando al dolor se le suma la impunidad, el arte se vuelve denuncia”.

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Agencia AJN.- La AMIA, con el apoyo del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la Nación y el Sistema Federal de Medios y Contenidos Públicos (SFMyCP), presentó “Veinticinco”, una muestra fotográfica compuesta por 38 imágenes que proponen dimensionar el horror causado por el terrorismo, y sus drásticas consecuencias en la vida de centenares de personas.

“Veinticinco” será inaugurada el jueves 27 de junio en el Consulado General Argentino en New York, gracias al Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la Nación, en el marco de la estrategia de llevar internacionalmente el pedido de justicia que la AMIA viene realizando en los últimos años. En agosto, “Veinticinco” será exhibida en la sede del Centro Cultural Kirchner (CCK) en Buenos Aires, y en noviembre en la Embajada Argentina en París.

Mediante una conferencia de prensa que se realizó hoy en el CCK, autoridades de la AMIA, del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la Nación y el Sistema Federal de Medios y Contenidos Públicos, brindaron información sobre cómo se realizó la muestra, el trabajo de producción encarado y cómo esta iniciativa artística ratifica una premisa central para la institución: “No existe construcción del presente sin el entrenamiento permanente de la memoria”, aseguró durante el encuentro Ariel Eichbaum, presidente en ejercicio de la AMIA.

Participaron de la presentación el titular del Sistema Federal de Medios y Contenidos Públicos, Hernán Lombardi; el director de Asuntos Culturales, Sergio Baur; el director de Arte y Producción de AMIA, Elio Kapszuk; el director del CCK, Gustavo Mozzi, y el reportero gráfico, Julio Menajovsky.

Además, Eichbaum mencionó que la AMIA tiene una misión institucional histórica desde hace 125 años “que tiene que ver con la mutualidad, con la ayuda a los necesitados, con la educación, con la cultura, con la red escolar, con los desposeídos”.

“AMIA es una institución que da vida. Lamentablemente, a nuestra misión institucional en 1994 se le añade otra faceta, que tiene que ver con el reclamo de justicia, en estar presente en cuanta audiencia en tribunales sea necesaria para seguir reclamando el esclarecimiento del atentado. Como el paso del tiempo es inexorable y toda vez que no se pueden concretar las penas a los que perpetraron este acto terrorista, encontramos en un primer momento una empatía muy grande en la sociedad argentina, en las instancias gubernamentales, en el Hospital de Clínicas. Pero el paso del tiempo dañaba nuestra misión institucional de mantener el reclamo de justicia, y encontramos, con Elio, un vehículo para mantener viva la memoria en el arte, para seguir dando testimonio, para seguir llegando al corazón de cada uno de los argentinos para mantener viva la memoria, más allá de lo que pasa en los estrados judiciales”, agregó.

Por su parte, Hernán Lombardi expresó: “Es extraordinario poder mantener vivo el recuerdo y mantener vivo el reclamo. Evidentemente en el arte a veces se crea por crear y no tiene que tener un sentido, pero cuando el arte se une a un sentido como este, lo lleva a una potencia conmovedora, invencible”.

“La idea de los dos tiempos, ese tiempo fijo, espantoso de 1994, con el tiempo de la vida que transcurre, esa aparente contradicción que se puede realimentar permanentemente. Lo más conmovedor, además de la belleza de las imágenes, es la contradicción del tiempo que pasa y la identidad, el dolor que perdura, y perdura mucho más en la impunidad. Cuando al dolor se le suma la impunidad, el arte se vuelve denuncia. Esta denuncia tiene una connotación nacional e internacional. Una denuncia para conmover a aquellos que intentan decir ‘esto ya pasó’, barrerla debajo de la alfombra, porque le incomoda a mucha gente. Nosotros tenemos que persistir en crearles esa incomodidad. Por supuesto que después los culpables de los crímenes, los malditos terroristas, los responsables ideológicos, los ejecutores materiales, los malditos terroristas y el maldito terrorismo que dos veces se ensañó sobre Buenos Aires, tienen poder e intentan barrer bajo la alfombra lo que pasó. Entonces esta muestra, este arte, se vuelve denuncia contra la impunidad”, destacó Lombardi.

Asimismo, Elio Kapszuk afirmó: “A las fotos del 18 de julio de 1994 las debíamos hacer dialogar con otras imágenes. Por eso convocamos a Julio Menajovsky y le propusimos que queríamos otros retratos, de más de una persona, que generen la idea del encuentro, un encuentro a partir del 18 de julio que le cambio la vida a todos nosotros y que pueda ser la posibilidad de contar historias. ¿Por qué?, Porque creemos que los 25 años sin justicia generan la repetición sistemática del asesinato y esa dimensión, de lo que significa 25 años, era lo que queríamos expresar en esas imágenes”.

En tanto, Julio Menajovsky explicó que a lo largo de su desempeño profesional muchas veces le tocó estar en lugares y momentos en los que debía fotografiar imágenes de horror, por lo que aceptó la propuesta de la AMIA, para luego mencionar que en 2008 comenzó a trabajar en el Archivo Nacional de la Memoria con la visión de lo que denomina la “Política de Memoria, Verdad y Justicia” y los trabajos que hizo lo “marcaron de una manera especial”.

Finalmente, el director de Asuntos Culturales Baur manifestó que en un diálogo que mantuvo con las autoridades de la AMIA le mencionaron que se cumplirían 25 años del 18 de julio de 1994, “un día que nos cambió la vida a los argentinos, no sólo a las víctimas, creo que todos somos víctimas de ese atentado”.

Al referirse a que la muestra será expuesta en distintas sedes diplomáticas argentinas, Baur resaltó: “Son espacios del Estado, son espacios de todos nosotros, y en esa conjunción pensamos que era muy importante poder llevar el testimonio al exterior, empezando por dos medios que tienen una gran importancia en la difusión de la cultura y las ideas como son la ciudad de Nueva York y la ciudad de París”.

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Argentina

With Mike Pompeo and Jorge Faurie´s presence, the AMIA bombing victims were remembered at AMIA

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Agencia AJN.- Within the framework of the Hemispheric Ministerial Conference on the Fight against Terrorism, a tribute was paid on Friday at the AMIA headquarters to the victims of the attack of July 18, 1994, whose speakers were the Secretary of State of the United States government, Mike Pompeo; the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina, Jorge Faurie; and the President of AMIA, Ariel Eichbaum.

The ceremony included the presence of the foreign ministers, ministers and high dignitaries of the countries of the American continent that since yesterday have been participating in Buenos Aires in the Second Hemispheric Ministerial Conference on the Fight against Terrorism.

The homage began with the music of pianist and composer Leo Sujatovich, then Pompeo, Faurie and Eichbaum lit a candle next to the memorial that recalls the names of each of the 85 fatal victims of the terrorist attack. The monument, by Israeli artist Yaacov Agam, is located in the dry square of the institution, at Pasteur 633, and represents the AMIAS’ commitment to memory and the demand for justice.

During his speech, AMIA´s president Ariel Eichbaum stressed the importance of the tribute made in the context of the 25 years of the terrorist attack: «It is a true honor and it is very significant for us to welcome you today, and the fact that this homage is carried out within the framework of the Summit that is taking place in Buenos Aires».

He also recalled Iran and Hezbollah´s responsability in the attack perpetrated in 1994, something that was proven repeatedly by the Argentine justice system. Referring to Interpol’s endorsement of the international arrest warrants against the accused, and the validity of the red flags, Eichbaum emphasized: «Today I ask the foreign ministers and dignitaries present here. The entire international community has to understand that these people are wanted by the Argentine justice system to account for the crime they have committed. We urgently need the support of all, of each of the countries of the world. Otherwise they will continue to mock and evade the red flags, and we will not have justice».

«Hezbollah is a terrorist organization fully active in several countries on our continent. Its networks have extended to various illicit activities, that are aimed to raising money for its terrorist campaigns. That is why we consider it appropriate, important and fundamental that a concrete step is taken in the fight against terrorism in the region, with the decree that President Mauricio Macri signed a few hours ago for the creation of a Registry of Terrorist Persons and Organizations where Hezbollah has already been included It is imperative that our neighboring countries and brothers do the same», he added.

In turn, the Secretary of State of the U.S. government, Mike Pompeo, especially thanked Eichbaum for receiving him at the AMIA headquarters and highlighted the institution´s struggle in seeking justice these 25 years. Then he recalled the 85 fatal victims who were killed «by the hands of Hezbollah terrorism, in a planned attack by the Islamic regime of Iran, with the logistical assistance of the Revolutionary Guard».

«It was not the first time that Hezbollah attacked in Argentina», he said, remembering the terrorist attack perpetrated on March 17, 1992, on the Israeli embassy in our country, in which 29 people were killed. «These attacks must remind us that terrorism is not a hypothetical threat,» he expressed.

Chancellor Jorge Faurie later stressed the importance of «keeping alive the memory of the victims, their pain, their families, and all the people who were attacked. Demanding justice, we continue working tirelessly so that one day we can achieve it,» he said.

«The Jewish community is a vital part of the social, cultural and industrial fabric of Argentina. It was a blow against democracy, freedom and the Argentine society. A symbol of a community that is particularly active and integrated in our nation was chosen. The Jewish community is a vital part of the social, cultural and industrial fabric of the whole country», he added.

Faurie also referred to the recently announced measures in the fight against terrorism; «These days we have taken internal administrative measures of great relevance. Yesterday was a national mourning throughout Argentina, we reviewed the compensation system we had AMIA´s victims and, most importantly, we witnessed the decree that identifies people linked to terrorism and monitors its funds.

«Our commitment always goes a little further, because anti-Semitism does not always translate into terrorism. Antisemitism is the seed of hatred that generates violence, so we have to work to eradicate it, combat it and do it with absolute tenacity», he indicated.

The homage also included members of the Board of Directors of AMIA, the institution´s lawyer Miguel Bronfman, the secretary of Human Rights and Cultural Pluralism of the Nation Claudio Avruj, the president of the Financial Information Unit Mariano Federici, the president of the Latin American Jewish Congress Adrián Werthein, Dina Siegel Vann, director for Latin and Latin American Affairs of the American Jewish Committee, and the president of IRSA Eduardo Elsztain, among other personalities.

In homage to the fatal victims of the AMIA attack, the participants of the Hemispheric Summit signed a joint statement that was transcribed into the AMIA «Visitors’ Book», a book that was rescued from the rubble of the former Pasteur 633 building, days after the attack perpetrated by terrorism. After speeches by the three speakers, foreign ministers, ministers, dignitaries, the Secretary of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism of the OAS signed the Declaration against Terrorism.

JOINT STATEMENT

The undersigned, representing the countries participating in the Hemispheric Ministerial Conference to Combat Terrorism, which is taking place in the City of Buenos Aires on this day, pay tribute to the victims of the Attack on the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association (AMIA), which occurred on July 18, 1994.

We also reaffirm our repudiation of terrorism in all its forms, while maintaining our commitment to strengthen cooperation among our countries to effectively confront this scourge and help build a future of peace for all.

The declaration was signed by:
Mr. Jorge Faurie, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina
Mr. Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State of the United States of America
Mr. Ariel Eichbaum, AMIA´s President
Ms. Patricia Bullrich, Minister of Security of Argentina
Mr. Darren Allan Henfield, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Bahamas

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Argentina

«Hezbollah represents a threat to Argentina and the countries of the region»

Agencia AJN.- The head of the Financial Information Unit (UIF), Mariano Federici, indicated that although there are no records that the Lebanese organization has assets in Argentina, it was decided to freeze the activities of those entities linked to it. The decision was taken after commemorating the 25th anniversary of the AMIA attack.

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Agencia AJN.- The head of the Financial Information Unit (UIF), Mariano Federici, confirmed an extension of the order to «freeze» the financial activities of entities linked to the Lebanese group Hezbollah after being included in the new National Register of Persons and Organizations Suspicious of Terrorism. «Last year we ordered the administrative freeze of assets and funds of 14 people belonging to this organization, because we already had the power,» he said.

In remarks to the «Cada Mañana» program, conducted by journalist Marcelo Longobardi on Radio Mitre, the official said: «What we did yesterday was to order the freezing of entities that make up the organization as the External Security Organization of Hezbollah, including the secretary general, the undersecretary general and the head of the executive wing, who is also responsible for providing it financial support».

When asked if the people involved had bank accounts in the country, the head of the FIU said: «Not at all, but they are linked to people who have been entering our country, operating from our country and who finance the organization commanded by these people». These individuals are being investigated in the framework of a financing of terrorism case being carried out by the federal judge of Eldorado, in the province of Misiones.

«Beyond that cause, the Hezbollah organization is also implicated as highly suspicious in the commission of the attacks that took place here in the 1990s,» said the official, who noted that both the files and judgments of the justice system indicate Hezbollah as responsible for the attacks.

Regarding the decree signed by President Mauricio Macri, Federici explained that the rule will allow more publicity to be given to the registration of this type of freezing, which previously the FIU only ordered and communicated to its regulated subjects. «Now this is advertised so that everyone knows what the position of Argentina about this organization is,» he said. Federici also explained that it aims to be «a deterrent mechanism».

«What we are trying to do is to create a system that would discourage the organization and anyone linked to it who wants to provide support and come and operate in our country. Anyone who carries out or intends to carry out any operation with Hezbollah is going to have the operation suspended and the assets frozen,» he said.

Federici indicated that the UIF understands that Hezbollah «has no assets in the country,» although he clarified that with this presidential decree they expect «the responses of regulated subjects to the freezing orders». «Without prejudice to this, what the decree seeks is that they never have assets in the country and that nobody intends to make an operation in favor of this organization that, for us, is accused of causing much damage to Argentina,» he added.

Finally, the official stressed: «This measure taken by the government puts Argentina in a place of leadership. It is the first country in Latin America to list Hezbollah as a terrorist organization and we hope that other countries in the region will follow this same path, because we believe that this organization not only represents a threat to national security and the integrity of Argentina but also to other countries in the region».

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