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Argentina

Importante visita a la Argentina de especialistas israelíes en Gestión Forestal y Agua

Agencia AJN.- Los expertos en Gestión Forestal y Agua estuvieron en el país del 30 de junio al 4 de julio y participaron de diversas conferencias, entre ellas una brindada en la Secretaría de Agroindustria de la Nación. La Agencia AJN dialogó con uno de ellos.

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kkl expert

Agencia AJN.- El ingeniero forestal de la Región Central de Israel para la ONG Keren Kayemet LeIsrael (KKL), David Evlagon, mantuvo una entrevista con la Agencia AJN durante su visita a la Argentina junto al director de la Oficina de la Región Norte, Kalil Adar.

Los expertos en Gestión Forestal y Agua estuvieron en el país del 30 de junio al 4 de julio y participaron de diversas conferencias, entre ellas una brindada en la Secretaría de Agroindustria de la Nación, con la presencia de Sergio Bergman, secretario de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable; Luis Miguel Etchevehere, secretario de Agroindustria; Ilan Sztulman, embajador del Estado de Israel en la Argentina; y Juan Talmasky, vicepresidente KKL Argentina.

También expusieron sus conocimientos en el Palacio de las Aguas, el Colegio Martín Buber, la Legislatura porteña, la Universidad de Buenos Aires y la casa de Gobierno de la ciudad de Salta.

-¿Qué significa tu presencia en la Argentina?
-Para mí es un agrado estar en el país donde nací, donde estudié y obtuve mi primer título (como ingeniero agrónomo en la Universidad de Rosario). Es un honor poder compartir mi trabajo con la gente de Argentina.

kkl arg

En la Legislatura porteña

-¿Cuál es tu actividad específica en la familia del KKL?
-Yo trabajo en KKL desde 1989, en el área forestal. Esta área tiene a cargo aproximadamente mil hectáreas en la región para la cual yo trabajo. Forestal significa que son terrenos donde se hicieron repoblaciones forestales para cambiar el paisaje, aumentar la biodiversidad, dar al público áreas de recreación, y por supuesto, los agricultores que se benefician del uso de la madera o del pastoreo.

-¿Esto es una cultura?
-Israel es una zona muy poblada, con una alta densidad de población, y con mucha falta de espacios verdes. KKL crea esas áreas forestales para el bien de la población. Estamos hablando de bosques naturales donde se hacen rutas para ciclismo, senderismo y áreas de picnic. No son parques en ciudades. La población sale de la ciudad y va a los bosques. Allí encuentra todo lo que necesita, hasta explicaciones históricas del lugar, porque muchos lugares de Israel están mencionados en la Biblia. La rehabilitación de esas áreas por medio de la forestación, la creación de actividades para la gente en general, es lo que nosotros hacemos. Es una cultura porque yo conozco lo que se hace en Argentina y no es común ir a hacer caminatas en áreas de bosques naturales. Pero en Israel es muy común salir de paseo y hacer caminatas, disfrutar de la naturaleza tal cual como es.

-¿Dónde se aprende esta forma de vivir?
-Desde la escuela primaria. Yo lo aprendí cuando llegué a Israel en 1976 a trabajar en un Kibutz. Nos hacían realizar paseos y yo no estaba acostumbrado a ese tipo de actividad. Mi actividad era ir una vez por año de vacaciones, casi siempre al mismo lugar durante dos semanas, y esto lo conocí en Israel. Nunca entendí por qué en Argentina nadie se iba una vez al mes o al menos tres veces al año a disfrutar de la naturaleza. Israel es especial. En las ciudades no hay parques grandes y la costumbre de ir a buscar nuevos paisajes es algo que se educa desde chicos. Es Israel las distancias son muy cortas, así que con sólo viajar una o dos horas hay una diversificación de paisajes muy grande.

-¿Y esto necesita de profesionales?
-Sí, nosotros manejamos esas áreas para prevenir incendios, adaptar los caminos para que la gente pueda llegar a los lugares en forma segura, poner señalización en los bosques, hacer áreas de picnic, y señalar puntos de interés para recorrer en bicicleta, moto o caminando.

kkl arg 2

Junto al director de la Agencia AJN, Daniel Berliner

-¿Hay países que pudieron incorporar esta costumbre?
-Hace 30 años atrás, recorrer la Argentina era algo que sólo los valientes podían hacer. Hoy en día hay más información, más actividad turística. No sé si lo aprendieron de Israel, pero hay un gran cambio. En Israel es más común quizás porque las distancias son más cortas y no importa adonde vivas, podés llegar a un área natural en una o dos horas.

-¿Tienen un mapa para delimitar en Israel el trabajo realizado y lo que falta?
-Yo como profesional mantengo esas áreas de bosques o repoblaciones. A su vez, el KKL se encarga de mantener en línea toda la información. Mi trabajo no consiste sólo en la parte recreativa, sino cómo manejarlas en función de las expectativas de la gente para que sean de usos múltiples. Tienen que ser recreativos tantos para la gente del lugar como los visitantes, y tiene que tener una función económica para los agricultores que trabajan la tierra. Y nuestra función en los últimos años es tratar de mantener una cantidad de hectáreas que sigan funcionando como espacios verdes y nos oponemos a todos los pedidos de las ciudades de construir en el bosque. Israel va a ser uno de los países más poblados del planeta por metro cuadrado. Por eso nuestra función en KKL es mantener esas áreas verdes. Generalmente no se tocan las áreas de cultivos agrícolas. Si se construye un camino, pasa por un área considerada menos productiva económicamente. Pero ellos no toman en cuenta el valor ecológico, el turismo ecológico.

-¿El trabajo de Kalil Adar y el tuyo están relacionados?
-Sí, él trabaja en otra región y cada una de ellas está a su vez asesorada por una oficina central que brinda asistencia a las tres regiones. En la parte norte, él está en contacto con la oficina central.

-¿Cuál es el trabajo del KKL con el agua?
-Hace muchos años trabaja en cómo hacer para aumentar la cantidad de agua potable en el país. Eso se hace por medio del aprovechamiento del agua de lluvia. También está el tema de las represas de agua en agricultura y la tecnología australiana adaptada a las necesidades de Israel, que es cómo colectar agua de corrientes superficiales en la ciudad. Porque como cada vez la población aumenta más a costa de los espacios verdes, los acuíferos cada vez se llenan menos, porque cada vez hay más asfalto. Toda esa agua que entraba por las zonas verdes, que hoy en día están construidas, ya no reciben agua de los acuíferos, entonces se están secando. La tecnología del biofiltro puede colectar el agua superficial de las ciudades, filtrarla e introducirla nuevamente a los acuíferos. Así, la agricultura toma las aguas recicladas.

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Argentina

With Mike Pompeo and Jorge Faurie´s presence, the AMIA bombing victims were remembered at AMIA

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pompeo faurie eichbaum

Agencia AJN.- Within the framework of the Hemispheric Ministerial Conference on the Fight against Terrorism, a tribute was paid on Friday at the AMIA headquarters to the victims of the attack of July 18, 1994, whose speakers were the Secretary of State of the United States government, Mike Pompeo; the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina, Jorge Faurie; and the President of AMIA, Ariel Eichbaum.

The ceremony included the presence of the foreign ministers, ministers and high dignitaries of the countries of the American continent that since yesterday have been participating in Buenos Aires in the Second Hemispheric Ministerial Conference on the Fight against Terrorism.

The homage began with the music of pianist and composer Leo Sujatovich, then Pompeo, Faurie and Eichbaum lit a candle next to the memorial that recalls the names of each of the 85 fatal victims of the terrorist attack. The monument, by Israeli artist Yaacov Agam, is located in the dry square of the institution, at Pasteur 633, and represents the AMIAS’ commitment to memory and the demand for justice.

During his speech, AMIA´s president Ariel Eichbaum stressed the importance of the tribute made in the context of the 25 years of the terrorist attack: «It is a true honor and it is very significant for us to welcome you today, and the fact that this homage is carried out within the framework of the Summit that is taking place in Buenos Aires».

He also recalled Iran and Hezbollah´s responsability in the attack perpetrated in 1994, something that was proven repeatedly by the Argentine justice system. Referring to Interpol’s endorsement of the international arrest warrants against the accused, and the validity of the red flags, Eichbaum emphasized: «Today I ask the foreign ministers and dignitaries present here. The entire international community has to understand that these people are wanted by the Argentine justice system to account for the crime they have committed. We urgently need the support of all, of each of the countries of the world. Otherwise they will continue to mock and evade the red flags, and we will not have justice».

«Hezbollah is a terrorist organization fully active in several countries on our continent. Its networks have extended to various illicit activities, that are aimed to raising money for its terrorist campaigns. That is why we consider it appropriate, important and fundamental that a concrete step is taken in the fight against terrorism in the region, with the decree that President Mauricio Macri signed a few hours ago for the creation of a Registry of Terrorist Persons and Organizations where Hezbollah has already been included It is imperative that our neighboring countries and brothers do the same», he added.

In turn, the Secretary of State of the U.S. government, Mike Pompeo, especially thanked Eichbaum for receiving him at the AMIA headquarters and highlighted the institution´s struggle in seeking justice these 25 years. Then he recalled the 85 fatal victims who were killed «by the hands of Hezbollah terrorism, in a planned attack by the Islamic regime of Iran, with the logistical assistance of the Revolutionary Guard».

«It was not the first time that Hezbollah attacked in Argentina», he said, remembering the terrorist attack perpetrated on March 17, 1992, on the Israeli embassy in our country, in which 29 people were killed. «These attacks must remind us that terrorism is not a hypothetical threat,» he expressed.

Chancellor Jorge Faurie later stressed the importance of «keeping alive the memory of the victims, their pain, their families, and all the people who were attacked. Demanding justice, we continue working tirelessly so that one day we can achieve it,» he said.

«The Jewish community is a vital part of the social, cultural and industrial fabric of Argentina. It was a blow against democracy, freedom and the Argentine society. A symbol of a community that is particularly active and integrated in our nation was chosen. The Jewish community is a vital part of the social, cultural and industrial fabric of the whole country», he added.

Faurie also referred to the recently announced measures in the fight against terrorism; «These days we have taken internal administrative measures of great relevance. Yesterday was a national mourning throughout Argentina, we reviewed the compensation system we had AMIA´s victims and, most importantly, we witnessed the decree that identifies people linked to terrorism and monitors its funds.

«Our commitment always goes a little further, because anti-Semitism does not always translate into terrorism. Antisemitism is the seed of hatred that generates violence, so we have to work to eradicate it, combat it and do it with absolute tenacity», he indicated.

The homage also included members of the Board of Directors of AMIA, the institution´s lawyer Miguel Bronfman, the secretary of Human Rights and Cultural Pluralism of the Nation Claudio Avruj, the president of the Financial Information Unit Mariano Federici, the president of the Latin American Jewish Congress Adrián Werthein, Dina Siegel Vann, director for Latin and Latin American Affairs of the American Jewish Committee, and the president of IRSA Eduardo Elsztain, among other personalities.

In homage to the fatal victims of the AMIA attack, the participants of the Hemispheric Summit signed a joint statement that was transcribed into the AMIA «Visitors’ Book», a book that was rescued from the rubble of the former Pasteur 633 building, days after the attack perpetrated by terrorism. After speeches by the three speakers, foreign ministers, ministers, dignitaries, the Secretary of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism of the OAS signed the Declaration against Terrorism.

JOINT STATEMENT

The undersigned, representing the countries participating in the Hemispheric Ministerial Conference to Combat Terrorism, which is taking place in the City of Buenos Aires on this day, pay tribute to the victims of the Attack on the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association (AMIA), which occurred on July 18, 1994.

We also reaffirm our repudiation of terrorism in all its forms, while maintaining our commitment to strengthen cooperation among our countries to effectively confront this scourge and help build a future of peace for all.

The declaration was signed by:
Mr. Jorge Faurie, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina
Mr. Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State of the United States of America
Mr. Ariel Eichbaum, AMIA´s President
Ms. Patricia Bullrich, Minister of Security of Argentina
Mr. Darren Allan Henfield, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Bahamas

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Argentina

«Hezbollah represents a threat to Argentina and the countries of the region»

Agencia AJN.- The head of the Financial Information Unit (UIF), Mariano Federici, indicated that although there are no records that the Lebanese organization has assets in Argentina, it was decided to freeze the activities of those entities linked to it. The decision was taken after commemorating the 25th anniversary of the AMIA attack.

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hezbolla

Agencia AJN.- The head of the Financial Information Unit (UIF), Mariano Federici, confirmed an extension of the order to «freeze» the financial activities of entities linked to the Lebanese group Hezbollah after being included in the new National Register of Persons and Organizations Suspicious of Terrorism. «Last year we ordered the administrative freeze of assets and funds of 14 people belonging to this organization, because we already had the power,» he said.

In remarks to the «Cada Mañana» program, conducted by journalist Marcelo Longobardi on Radio Mitre, the official said: «What we did yesterday was to order the freezing of entities that make up the organization as the External Security Organization of Hezbollah, including the secretary general, the undersecretary general and the head of the executive wing, who is also responsible for providing it financial support».

When asked if the people involved had bank accounts in the country, the head of the FIU said: «Not at all, but they are linked to people who have been entering our country, operating from our country and who finance the organization commanded by these people». These individuals are being investigated in the framework of a financing of terrorism case being carried out by the federal judge of Eldorado, in the province of Misiones.

«Beyond that cause, the Hezbollah organization is also implicated as highly suspicious in the commission of the attacks that took place here in the 1990s,» said the official, who noted that both the files and judgments of the justice system indicate Hezbollah as responsible for the attacks.

Regarding the decree signed by President Mauricio Macri, Federici explained that the rule will allow more publicity to be given to the registration of this type of freezing, which previously the FIU only ordered and communicated to its regulated subjects. «Now this is advertised so that everyone knows what the position of Argentina about this organization is,» he said. Federici also explained that it aims to be «a deterrent mechanism».

«What we are trying to do is to create a system that would discourage the organization and anyone linked to it who wants to provide support and come and operate in our country. Anyone who carries out or intends to carry out any operation with Hezbollah is going to have the operation suspended and the assets frozen,» he said.

Federici indicated that the UIF understands that Hezbollah «has no assets in the country,» although he clarified that with this presidential decree they expect «the responses of regulated subjects to the freezing orders». «Without prejudice to this, what the decree seeks is that they never have assets in the country and that nobody intends to make an operation in favor of this organization that, for us, is accused of causing much damage to Argentina,» he added.

Finally, the official stressed: «This measure taken by the government puts Argentina in a place of leadership. It is the first country in Latin America to list Hezbollah as a terrorist organization and we hope that other countries in the region will follow this same path, because we believe that this organization not only represents a threat to national security and the integrity of Argentina but also to other countries in the region».

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